When it comes to complex characters that undergo significant changes, I notice my students struggle with identifying what motivates these characters and why they morph into better (or sometimes worse) versions of themselves. And yet, it is these very characters my students seem to identify with and connect to. As a first-year National Board candidate last year, I realized I needed to incorporate other mediums like drawing to allow my students to deepen their understanding of these very complex characters.
My PLC and I completed a Book Study for Kelly Gallagher's Deeper Reading. Within Chapter 7: Using Metaphor to Deepen Comprehension, Gallagher explains John Powers' "iceberg" metaphor. After reading this chapter, I realized I'd found a strategy I could model for my students that just might lead them into the deeper comprehension Gallagher speaks of and my students so desperately need.